Kidney Stone: Overview

Kidney Stone

Our Kidneys are the filters that carry the waste out of the blood in the form of urine. Kidneys are available in pairs. If you have seen a kidney bean at home, you have a decent sense of how your kidneys look.Kidneys are always busy. The two kidneys are a part of the urinary tract located at the back of your spine under your ribs. The kidneys do a lot, but their most significant function is to clean blood and discrete the waste in the form of urine. The urinary tract then takes this waste out of the body when a person urinates. 

What are Kidney Stones?

Urine comprises many dissolved minerals and salts. When urine has higher levels of those minerals and salts, stones are formed. Kidney stones, also called nephrolithiasis, are these hard deposits inside the kidneys affecting a part of your urinary tract. Usually, no permanent damage is caused while passing kidney stones if they are diagnosed and treated timely. Given the condition, you may require nothing more than pain medication and lots of water to pass a kidney stone. If the stones lodge in the urinary tract causing problems, a kidney stone operation may be needed. 

Kidney stones are the most common disease of the urinary system affecting one in every twenty people. Men more frequently suffer from Kidney stones. But, the number of females getting kidney stones is rising, and children getting kidney stones have also become common. The increasing number of kidney stones is strongly related to deteriorating living standards, race or ethnicity and region of residence.

Kidney stones are often excruciating and might keep happening in some people. It can become expensive in terms of your time and money. It is essential to understand that tests to diagnose stones and minor surgeries to treat stones are better than ever. All the treatments at Pristyn Care are minimally invasive and offer speedy recovery.

What are Kidney Stones exactly made of?

Kidney stones come in various sizes and shapes. They may be small as a sand grain or large as a pea. At the same time, some kidney stones are as big as golf balls. How you treat them and stop fresh ones from developing depends on the kind of stone you have. Calcium stones are the most basic ones. Some people have excess calcium in their urine, increasing their risk. Even with average volumes of calcium within the urine, stones may form for various reasons. 

Kidney Stones and Their Common Symptoms

Usually, kidney stones symptoms are unnoticed until they move around in the kidney or pass into the ureter. Smaller stones pass out of the body with little or no pain. But, when the stone blocks the urine flow, it can cause the kidney to swell, which is commonly very painful.

Common symptoms of kidney stones are:

  • You can witness cramps in your back, which usually moves to the lower abdomen or groin.
  • Women also say the pain is worse than childbirth labour pains. The pain can initiate instantly and come in waves because the body tries to get rid of the stone.
  • You need to constantly urinate and go to the toilet more often or have a burning feeling when you go.
  • Urine is dark or sometimes has red blood cells that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
  • Some men might also feel pain at the tip of their penises.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

The body might absorb enough oxalate from the intestine, collecting excess oxalate in the urine. Both high levels of urine oxalate and low urine volume can form calcium oxalate kidney stones.

  • Obesity could be a risk factor for stones. Obesity may change the acid levels in the urine, resulting in stones.
  • Few pharmaceutical problems can cause kidney stones. Some medications and supplements may increase your risk of forming stones. (Kindly do not discontinue taking any of those unless your doctor tells you to).
  • Some rare inherited disorders also can make specific stones more likely to form. Examples include cystinuria, which causes too much amino acid cysteine to form in the urine or the liver producing too much oxalate.
  • Some kidney stones run in families, so having a relative with kidney stones can make a person more likely to get them. Kids who have had kidney stones before may get them again.

 Read more: What Size Of Kidney Stones Require Surgery?

Since you now know the importance of kidneys, do not neglect any of the signs mentioned above. If you come across any kidney stone early symptoms, visit your doctor today. Choose a surgeon that takes utmost care of you and spends time with you to understand and diagnose your condition to help you with the best possible treatment. Choose someone who makes sure to assist you in all sorts of pre and post-surgical queries and medical diagnostics. 

Why wait? Get your check-up done today! , 


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